JUBILEE – Its Meaning for You and Me
The Sabbatical Year
Exodus 23:10-11, "You shall sow your land for six years and gather in its yield, but on the seventh year you shall let it rest and lie fallow, so that the needy of your people may eat; and whatever they leave the beast of the field may eat. You are to do the same with your vineyard and your olive grove."
Leviticus 25:1-8, "The LORD then spoke to Moses at Mount Sinai, saying, "Speak to the sons of Israel and say to them, 'When you come into the land which I shall give you, then the land shall have a sabbath to the LORD. Six years you shall sow your field, and six years you shall prune your vineyard and gather in its crop, but during the seventh year the land shall have a sabbath rest, a sabbath to the LORD; you shall not sow your field nor prune your vineyard. Your harvest's aftergrowth you shall not reap, and your grapes of untrimmed vines you shall not gather; the land shall have a sabbatical year. All of you shall have the sabbath products of the land for food; yourself, and your male and female slaves, and your hired man and your foreign resident, those who live as aliens with you. Even your cattle and the animals that are in your land shall have all its crops to eat. You are also to count off seven sabbaths of years for yourself, seven times seven years, so that you have the time of the seven sabbaths of years, namely, forty-nine years."
1. This provided for 6 years of cultivation
2. The land was allowed to rest for the 7th year
3. Later provisions:
a. The 7th year brought relief from all debts
b. God promised to bless the "kind hearted"
c. This would take care of the "suffering poor"
The Jubilee – Leviticus 25:9-55
9 'You shall then sound a ram's horn abroad on the
tenth day of the seventh month; on the day of atonement you shall sound a horn
all through your land. 10 'You shall thus consecrate the fiftieth year and
proclaim a release through the land to all its inhabitants. It shall be a jubilee for you, and each of you
shall return to his own property, and each of you shall return to his
family. 11 'You shall have the fiftieth year as a jubilee;
you shall not sow, nor reap its aftergrowth, nor
gather in from its untrimmed vines. 12 'For it is a jubilee; it shall be holy to you.
You shall eat its crops out of the field. 13 'On
this year of jubilee each of you shall return to his own
property. 14 'If you make a sale, moreover, to your friend or
buy from your friend's hand, you shall not wrong one another. 15
'Corresponding to the number of years after the jubilee, you shall buy from
your friend; he is to sell to you according to the number of years of crops. 16
'In proportion to the extent of the years you shall increase its price, and in
proportion to the fewness of the years you shall diminish its price, for it is
a number of crops he is selling to you. 17 'So you shall not wrong one another, but you shall fear your
God; for I am the LORD your God. 18 'You shall thus observe My
statutes and keep My judgments, so as to carry them out, that you may live
securely on the land. 19 'Then the land will yield
its produce, so that you can eat your fill and live securely on it. 20
'But if you say, "What are we going to eat on the seventh year if we do
not sow or gather in our crops?" 21 then I will so order My blessing for you in the sixth year that it will bring
forth the crop for three years. 22 'When you are sowing the eighth year, you
can still eat old things from the crop, eating the old until the ninth year
when its crop comes in. 23 ¶ 'The land, moreover,
shall not be sold permanently, for the land is Mine; for you are but aliens and
sojourners with Me. 24 'Thus for every piece of your property, you
are to provide for the redemption of the land. 25 'If a fellow countryman of
yours becomes so poor he has to sell part of his property, then his nearest
kinsman is to come and buy back what his relative has sold. 26 'Or in case a
man has no kinsman, but so recovers his means as to find sufficient for its
redemption, 27 then he shall calculate the years since its sale and refund the
balance to the man to whom he sold it, and so return to his property. 28 'But if he has not found sufficient means to get it back
for himself, then what he has sold shall remain in the hands of its purchaser
until the year of jubilee; but at the jubilee it shall revert, that he may
return to his property. 29 'Likewise, if a man sells a dwelling
house in a walled city, then his redemption right remains valid until a full
year from its sale; his right of redemption lasts a full year. 30 'But if it is
not bought back for him within the space of a full year, then the house that is
in the walled city passes permanently to its purchaser throughout his
generations; it does not revert in the jubilee. 31
'The houses of the villages, however, which have no surrounding wall shall be
considered as open fields; they have redemption rights and revert in the
jubilee. 32 'As for cities of the Levites, the Levites have a
permanent right of redemption for the houses of the cities which are their
possession. 33 'What, therefore, belongs to
the Levites may be redeemed and a house sale in the city of this possession
reverts in the jubilee, for the houses of the cities of the Levites are
their possession among the sons of
1. The Jubilee year was the 50th year
b. The sounding of the trumpet (Jubilee) on the day of atonement was to usher in this year
2. All land that had been bought – returned to original owner
3. God promised PLENTY for 3 yrs.
a. The Sabbatical Year
b. The Jubilee Year
c. The following year to give time you harvest crops
4. The right to redeem lands and houses
a. At the Jubilee lands returned
b. Houses in walled cities could be redeemed at any time within a year.
5. Bondmen (slaves) would be set free
a. by redemption until the Jubilee Year
b. automatically set free after the Jubilee Year
1. Isaiah 61:1-3, "The Spirit of the Lord GOD is upon me, Because the LORD has anointed me To bring good news to the afflicted; He has sent me to bind up the brokenhearted, To proclaim liberty to captives And freedom to prisoners; To proclaim the favorable year of the LORD And the day of vengeance of our God; To comfort all who mourn, To grant those who mourn in Zion, Giving them a garland instead of ashes, The oil of gladness instead of mourning, The mantle of praise instead of a spirit of fainting. So they will be called oaks of righteousness, The planting of the LORD, that He may be glorified."
2. Ezek. 46:16-18, "Thus says the Lord GOD, 'If the prince gives a gift out of his inheritance to any of his sons, it shall belong to his sons; it is their possession by inheritance. But if he gives a gift from his inheritance to one of his servants, it shall be his until the year of liberty; then it shall return to the prince. His inheritance shall be only his sons'; it shall belong to them. The prince shall not take from the people's inheritance, thrusting them out of their possession; he shall give his sons inheritance from his own possession so that My people will not be scattered, anyone from his possession.'"
36:1-4, And the heads of the
fathers' households of the family of the sons of Gilead, the son of Machir, the son of Manasseh, of the families of the sons of
Joseph, came near and spoke before Moses and before the leaders, the heads of
the fathers' households of the sons of Israel,
and they said, "The LORD commanded my lord to give the land by lot
to the sons of Israel as an inheritance, and my lord was commanded by the LORD
to give the inheritance of Zelophehad our brother to
his daughters. But if they marry one of
the sons of the other tribes of the sons of Israel, their inheritance will be
withdrawn from the inheritance of our fathers and will be added to the
inheritance of the tribe to which they belong; thus it will be withdrawn from
our allotted inheritance. When the jubilee
of the sons of
APPLICATIONS FOR TODAY:
REDEMPTION – REDEEMER
The NT teaching about OUR REDEMPTION must be understood in connection with the JUBILEE
1. Jesus is OUR REDEEMER
Titus 2:11-14, For the grace of God has appeared, bringing salvation to all men, instructing us to deny ungodliness and worldly desires and to live sensibly, righteously and godly in the present age, looking for the blessed hope and the appearing of the glory of our great God and Savior, Christ Jesus, who gave Himself for us to redeem us from every lawless deed, and to purify for Himself a people for His own possession, zealous for good deeds.
Romans 3: 21-24 But now apart from the Law the righteousness of God has been manifested, being witnessed by the Law and the Prophets, even the righteousness of God through faith in Jesus Christ for all those who believe; for there is no distinction; for all have sinned and fall short of the glory of God, being justified as a gift by His grace through the redemption which is in Christ Jesus;
Ephesians 1: 7-8 In Him we have redemption through His blood, the forgiveness of our trespasses, according to the riches of His grace
which He lavished on us.
1. The Law of Moses = Bondage, Death
2. Christianity =
Gal. 5:1, It was for freedom that Christ set us free; therefore keep standing firm and do not be subject again to a yoke of slavery.
1 Peter 2:16, Act as free men, and do not use your freedom as a covering for evil, but use it as bondslaves of God.
OWNERSHIP – STEWARDSHIP
1. All things belong to God
2. You don't OWN anything
3. You use it and it is returned to God
1 Cor. 3:21-23, So then let no one boast in men. For all things belong to you, whether Paul or Apollos or Cephas or the world or life or death or things present or things to come; all things belong to you, and you belong to Christ; and Christ belongs to God.
Matthew 19:29 "And everyone who has left houses or brothers or sisters or father or mother or children or farms for My name's sake, will receive many times as much, and will inherit eternal life."
GOD WILL RESTORE ALL THAT YOU LOSE
1 Cor. 6:9, Or do you not know
that the unrighteous will not inherit the
1 PET. 3:8-12, To sum up, all of you be harmonious, sympathetic, brotherly, kindhearted, and humble in spirit; not returning evil for evil or insult for insult, but giving a blessing instead; for you were called for the very purpose that you might inherit a blessing. For, "THE ONE WHO DESIRES LIFE, TO LOVE AND SEE GOOD DAYS, MUST KEEP HIS TONGUE FROM EVIL AND HIS LIPS FROM SPEAKING DECEIT. HE MUST TURN AWAY FROM EVIL AND DO GOOD; HE MUST SEEK PEACE AND PURSUE IT. FOR THE EYES OF THE LORD ARE TOWARD THE RIGHTEOUS, AND HIS EARS ATTEND TO THEIR PRAYER, BUT THE FACE OF THE LORD IS AGAINST THOSE WHO DO EVIL."
INHERITANCE IS NOT FOR THE FOREIGNER
Rev. 21:7 "He who overcomes will inherit these things, and I will be his God and he will be My son.